What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

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What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a current health state observed in women's bodies. It concerns an irregular ovary function. There are 3 main abnormalities that can lead to a PCOS diagnosis :
An absent or sporadic ovulation resulting in irregular menstruation
High levels of androgenic hormones like testosterone
Hypertrophy of the ovaries and many follicles surrounding the egg.

Polycystic ovaries contain a large number of follicles up to 8 mm in diameter, which can interrupt egg release and prevent the ovaries from ovulating.

The cause of PCOS is unknown as of today. But scientists have found many factors that are associated with this medical condition. PCOS is related to high levels of hormones like insulin or testosterone but it is not clear yet if it is directly related with PCOS.

PCOS is one of the most common causes of infertility for women. The problem is a hormonal imbalance that interferes with ovulation, thus making it difficult for a woman to get pregnant.

At Unica, we can help you treat your PCOS. The first thing we do is to look at the menstrual cycle of the patient, trying to make it more regular by supporting the follicular genesis and the ripening of the eggs within the cycle. Basically, the doctor will try to make your ovulation more effective.
Doctors can proceed with conservative methods first such as insemination. This method would be harder to apply if other fertility factors are not adequate.
If insemination doesn't work, it will be necessary to replan an IVF cycle with stimulation of the ovaries and fertilization of the eggs in vitro. With this method, the chances for the ovaries to produce more eggs are much higher.
At Unica, our doctors are very careful about the well-being of patients. Your fertility journey will always be closely followed by our entire team to avoid complications.

After getting pregnant, you can avoid PCOS by keeping a healthy weight and proper blood sugar levels, and by taking folic acid.

At Unica, our team is happy to answer all your questions about PCOS and fertility in general, so do not hesitate to contact us.

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